Manila Research High School

Taft Ave., Manila

Biological Control of Philippine Dairy Termite (Coptotermes vastator) by using crude extract from soapnuts (Sapindus trifoliatus) as pesticide

Table of Contents

Abstractp. 3 Introduction

Background in the studyp. 4

Statement in the problemp. six

Hypothesisp. 6th

Scopes and Limitationsp. several

Review of Related Literaturep. almost eight

Methodology

Materialsp. 10

Procedurep. 10

Method flowchartp. 10

Research designp. 12

Results and Discussion

Resultsp. 13

Discussionp. 13

Conclusionsp. 18

Recommendationsp. 15

Bibliographyp. of sixteen

Acknowledgementsp. 17

Appendix s. 18

ABSTRACT

Termites would be the leading source of the break down of wood made furnitures. One of them the Sapindus vastator known as the Philippine Milk Termite is among the most destructive of all of them. This research focuses on terminating Sapindus trifoliatus using soapnut extract. First, the procedure is carried out by organizing all the elements mainly, soapnut, fluorence flask and range for boiling. Second, prepare three established ups respectively in in every set up the amount applied is usually 2 ml, 3 ml, 5ml. After applying the soapnut on each set up, declaration must take place, time needed intended for the soapnut to end the termites must be recorded. The convenience is done by putting three set ups in one textbox and lose it, this will ensure that the termites happen to be surely murdered. The result of build A is the fact about Вј of the termites survived the 2 ml applied on the soapnut extract; it was a little while until 7. five seconds prior to the other termites died. Upon set up M, the 3 milliliters applied was enough to kill the whole termite; it was a little while until 6 seconds before all the termites died. On create C, the 6 cubic centimeters of soapnut was sufficient to destroy all of the termites, it took simply 5 just a few seconds before the termites died. The researchers found out that only several ml was least necessary to kill most termites because set up. It is concluded that soapnut extract was effective in terminating termites.

Introduction

Backdrop of the Research:

Termites frequently occur in tropical soils, especially in the rain forest, exactly where they enjoy an important portion in soil ecology by recycling wooden and rotting plant components (Lee and Wood 1971). Unfortunately, they turn to be economic infestations when their appetite for wood reaches up to human homes, timber structures and agricultural crops. The Philippines helps a abundant termite fauna comprising of fifty-five known species in eighteen overal (Snyder and Francia 1963; Acda 2006). Of the 55 reported varieties, four subterranean species are considered serious structural pests; Coptotermes vastator Mild, Nasutitermes luzonicus Oshima, Macrotermes gilvus Hagen, and Microcerotermes losbanosensis Oshima. These kinds are widely distributed and therefore are considered serious structural infestations of hardwood structures (Valino 1967; Acda 2004). The overall damage brought on by these termites in the Philippines is not known but taking into consideration the abundance and level of activity of these pesky insects, financial losses due to termite attacks happen to be large (Acda 2004). One of the most destructive specie of all is the the Philippine Milk Termite (Coptotermes vastator).

Coptotermes Vastator or also called Philippine Milk Termite - Among all the species of termites which are present in the Korea, the Philippine Milk Termite is considered as the most destructive. It is a major strength pest inside the Philippines and Guam. It absolutely was first found in Hawaii in 1963, infesting a house which includes since been demolished. Comptotermes vastator had not been found again in Hawaii for more than 20 years (University Of Hawaii). Coptotermes vastator is difficult to distinguish from the Formosan subterranean pest, Coptotermes formosanus. One clue is that the swarmers (alates) are...

Bibliography: Online Journals

• Acda, M. Termites: Location, Results to the Community and Types of termites. Toxicity of thiamethoxam against Philippine subterranean termites

Retrieved from:

http://www.insectscience.org/7.26/

• Francis, G., Kerem Z., Harinder P., Makkar S., Becker, K. The biological actions of saponins in pet systems

Recovered from:

http://www.iaea.org/nafa/d3/public/saponin-03-bjn.pdf

• Victor, T. Termites: Their very own Recognition and Control. General Harris