Christianity in Ethiopia: how the Christian Church produced in Ethiopia

Daniel Medina A00749550

PhD. Ayot

Africa Scenario

Instituto Tecnológico con de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey

Grounds Chihuahua

Christianity in Ethiopia: how the Christian Church created in Ethiopia

I. Launch

II. Starting of Christianity in Ethiopia

a. Ruler Solomon and Queen of Sheba

b. Philip as well as the eunuch (The biblical story)

c. Frumentius/King Ezana

m. Nine monks from the east

III. Ethiopian Christianity and Islam

a. The Zagwé Dynasty

m. The Solomonic Dynasty

c. The Muslim Jihad

g. The Portuguese intervention

IV. Consolidation in the Orthodox Ethiopian Church

a. Era with the Princes and doctrinal clashes

b. Reunification and Tweodros II

c. 20th Hundred years

V. Bottom line

Christianity in Ethiopia, yesteryear and the present

I. Introduction

Christianity has a long history in Ethiopia, country that accepted the faith since biblical times and despite the dangers of Islam and imperialism has remained company in the trust with all and its different denominations. There are several versions showing how Christianity had become in Ethiopia, although all of them converge eventually; mostly, what varies may be the time of the moment that happened. Some claim that the start of Christianity in Ethiopia go because back since King Solomon´s times, although the religion hadn't existed however. This variation includes the biblical history of Philip and the eunuch. Others declare that Christianity 1st arrived in Ethiopia in the IV Century A. D. with Frumentius and Aedesius, two Syrian Christian youth that arrived, because of a shipwreck, to Ethiopian shores. They then distributed the gospel and later the king was baptized plus the religion was made official. There can be variants that declare that King Ezana´s conversion was obviously a mere industrial strategy.

From that moment Ethiopia have been officially a Christian express, and though faced the threat of Islam to the amount of causing the disintegration of the kingdom for a number of hundred years, the country has remained in the majority Christian, including the Orthodox Ethiopian Church and all different denominations.

II. Beginning of Christianity in Ethiopia

a. King Solomon and the Queen of Sheeba

Ethiopia has had a tie with the Jews and its laws since a long time before Christianity existed (of course as a well conformed religion), and it was because of this influence that Christianity made its method into Ethiopian lands. The story is a mix of accounts from the Bible and also from an ancient Ethiopian publication called Kebra Negast. During Solomon´s kingdom (971-931 B. C. ) he started to be very popular because of his great wisdom. Many people came and visited him, including the Full of Sheba, whom got heard of his great perception and gone up to Israel with many presents of gold, silver and spices. The name of the Queen, according to Biblical accounts is unknown, nevertheless according to Ethiopian traditions is Makeda. And as the Biblical history tells in 1Kings 12: 2, a few, "  And she found Jerusalem using a very superb train, with camels that bare seasonings, and very very much gold, and precious stones: and when your woman was arrive to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. And Solomon told her all her questions: there were not any thing hid from the king, which in turn he informed her not. ” (Biblegateway, d. d. ) The Scriptures tells no more about the accounts, however the Kebra Negast tells other story of Makeda´s go to. According to the book, the moment she was ready to depart after 6 months in Jerusalem, King Solomon deceived Queen Makeda in sleeping with him, since she got refused to accomplish bare among his kids. After this she left the region, but before she would do so Full Solomon halted her and told her, " If thou shouldst ever before bear children this ring will be the signal of identification. If it could be a son...

Bibliography: Curtin, P. (1971). Ethiopian Christianity: Ruler Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Recuperado el 7 de 03 de 2010, de African Christianity: http://www.bethel.edu/~letnie/AfricanChristianity/EthiopiaMakeda.html

Era of the Princes

Ross, E. G. (October de 2002). Africa Christianity in Ethiopia. Recuperado el 7 de Drive de 2010, de The Metropolitan Museum of Aart: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/acet/hd_acet.htm

Selassie, S

Selassie, S. L. (December de 1970). The Period of Rerganization. Recuperado el 19 de May sobre 2010, sobre The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Beliefs and Purchase: http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/ethiopian/perscution.html

Tamerat, T